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Low back pain

By Rawlings Oke Godwin

On 24 Dec, 2021

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Low back pain is a common ailment in today’s civilized society. It primarily affects middle-aged and young adults of both genders. People who sit for long periods of time without getting any exercise or who carry heavy loads on a regular basis are at risk of developing this condition.

We have yet to meet someone who has not experienced back pain at some point in their lives. Also, low back pain can be caused by anything from muscle strain to spinal cancer, so it’s important to pay attention to it. The pain is felt in the lumbar and sacral regions, and it may spread to other parts of the body.

Low back pain can be caused by a variety of factors.

1) Back disorders (diseases).

2) Gynecological issues.

3) Result of issues in other areas of the body.


1) Low back pain caused by back diseases:

Low back pain

a) Injuries:

1) Vertebral column compression or fracture.

2) Intervertebral disc rupture.

3) Injuries to the back’s ligaments and muscles.

4) Strain in the lumbosacral region.

5) Injuries to the intervertebral joints.

6) Vertebral processes fracture.


b) Functional low back pain as a result of asymmetry:

1) While you’re pregnant.

2) The Pot Belly

3) Hip joint diseases.

4) Spine curvature due to a congenital abnormality.

5) One side has a short leg.


c) Inflammatory disorders cause backache:

1) Bacterial infection of the bone.

2) Tuberculosis of the spine is a type of tuberculosis that affects the spine.

3) Arthritis is a disease that affects the joints.

4) Brucellosis

5) Fibrositis or lumbago.

6) Muscle inflammation is a condition in which the muscles become inflamed.

7) Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that affects the spine.


d) Low Back pain caused by degenerative back disorders.

1) Osteoarthritis

2) Osteoporosis in senior citizens.

3) The intervertebral disc degenerates.


e) Spinal tumor:

1) A primory tumor of the spine’s bones.

2) Metastatic tumors from other organs, such as the prostate, lungs, kidneys, and intestine.


2) Low back pain as a result of gynecological issues:

  1. a) Following childbirth.
  2. b) Following gynaecological procedures.
  3. c) The uterus prolapses.
  4. b) Inflammatory disorders of the pelvis.
  5. e) Lesions of the pelvic organs that are cancerous.
  6. f) Endometriosis is a type of endometriosis that affects women.


3) Low back pain as a result of issues in other areas of the body.

(a) Renal stones

  1. b) Ureteric stone
  2. c) Prostate cancer.
  3. d) Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).
  4. f) Stones in the bile duct.
  5. f) A peptic ulcer is a type of stomach ulcer.
  6. g) Pelvic organ inflammation.
  7. h) Aortic and illiac artery occlusion


Investigation into low back pain case:

1) Get a full blood count.

2) Urinalysis on a regular basis.

3) Abdominal and pelvic ultrasonography.

4) A lumbar and sacral X-ray is taken.

5) A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the spine.

5) A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis.

6) Rectum, prostate, and genito-urinary organs examination



Back pain treatment consists of the following steps:

1) Eliminating the source of the backache.

2) Symptomatic treatment (medical care).

2) Do some back exercises.

3) Stability.

3) Do some yoga.

5) Surgical procedures.


Low back pain can be caused by back disorders,  gynecological issues or diseases arising from other parts of the body. The effects of low back pain can significantly affect ones life. Always consult your healthcare provider.


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