Trusted Medical Portal For Daily Health Tips

Medical Portal For Daily Health and Lifestyle Tips

Diving Injuries : Know Your Limits

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on whatsapp
Share on pinterest
Share on linkedin
Share on print
diving injuries

By Rawlings Oke Godwin

On 3 Sep, 2022

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on whatsapp
Share on telegram
Share on pinterest
Share on linkedin

Diving Injuries : Know Your Limits

Diving injuries are a common and often overlooked form of injury. Typical diving injuries can range from minor cuts and scrapes to severe injuries and death.

One study found that there is one death every two years in the U.S. from recreational diving. The same study also found an average of over 600 emergency room visits per year. A yearly estimate of 20,000 people are admitted to hospitals for diving injuries.

Diving injuries can happen to anyone, and even the best and most experienced divers can have accidents. The most common diving injuries are due to hitting the bottom of the dive pool.


Causes Of Diving Injuries

The three main causes of diving injuries are

  1. Inexperience
  2. Inadequate preparation
  3. Inadequate safety measures.

Other common causes are:

  1. Being struck by a snip/ boat propeller.
  2. Diving into shallow water
  3. Not checking the depth of the water before diving
  4. Not knowing the weather conditions and diving in bad weather
  5. Poor swimming skills
  6. Reckless behavior
  7. Alcohol consumption
  8. The use of diving equipment that is poorly maintained.

Types Of Diving Injuries

There are many types of diving injuries, but the most common are:

1. Ear Injuries:

Ear injuries are very common in divers. They can be caused by water getting into the ear canal, by pressure changes in the ear, or by objects getting stuck in the ear. Symptoms of an ear injury include pain, dizziness, ringing in the ears, and difficulty hearing.

If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor right away. Treatment for an ear injury may include antibiotics, ear drops, and surgery.

2. Neck and Spinal Cord Injuries:

Neck and spinal cord injuries are also common in divers. They can be caused by a sudden impact, such as hitting the water headfirst, or by pressure changes in the spine. Symptoms of a neck or spinal cord injury include pain, numbness, tingling, and difficulty moving.

If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor right away. Treatment for a neck or spinal cord injury may include surgery, physical therapy, and medications.

3. Chest and Lung Injuries:

Diving into shallow water can cause chest and lung injuries. These types of injuries can be caused by the impact of the body against the water or by objects in the water.

4. Back Injuries:

Diving can also cause back injuries. These injuries can be caused by the impact of the body against the water or by objects in the water.

5. Decompression sickness :

It is also important to be aware of the potential for decompression sickness, also known as “the bends.” This condition can occur when a diver ascends too quickly from a deep dive. Symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening and include joint pain, fatigue, headache, dizziness, and chest pain.

6. Barotrauma

Barotrauma is an injury to tissues caused by pressure changes. It can affect the ears, lungs, and stomach. Symptoms include pain, ringing in the ears, difficulty breathing from pulmonary injury, and nausea.

7. Cuts and scrapes

Divers can easily cut or scrape their skin on coral, rocks, and other sharp objects in the water. These injuries can become infected if not treated properly.

8. Heat exhaustion and heat stroke

Diving can cause a person to become overheated, especially in warm water environments. Symptoms of heat exhaustion include headache, dizziness, nausea, and excessive sweating. Heat stroke is a more serious condition and can result in seizures, coma, and even death.

9. Leg and ankle injuries

One of the most common diving injuries is a leg or ankle injury. Awkward landing after a jump, or by striking the bottom of the pool. Symptoms can include pain, disorientation, dislocation, swelling, and bruising/ skin irritation. Treatment may include rest, ice, and compression. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.

10. Marine envenomation

A diver who is stung by a jellyfish, bitten by a fish, or suffers any other marine envenomation can experience a wide range of symptoms. Some common symptoms of marine envenomation include pain, swelling, itching, tingling, nausea, and vomiting. In some cases, a diver may also experience difficulty breathing, chest pain, or a rapid heart rate. If a diver experiences any of these symptoms, they should seek medical attention immediately.


Diving Injuries And Safety Tips

diving injuries
diving injuries safety

Swimming or diving can provide a lot of fun and excitement. However, diving can also be dangerous, and it is important to be aware of the risks involved and take the necessary precautions to avoid injury.

To reduce the risk of diving injuries,

  1. Always follow the safety guidelines established by diving experts.
  2. Be aware of your limitations and never dive beyond your abilities.
  3. Always dive with a buddy
  4. Prepare for emergencies by carrying a first-aid kit and emergency oxygen supply.
  5. Never dive in areas where you are not familiar with the conditions.
  6. Do not dive if you are feeling ill or tired.
  7. Make sure you have the emergency hotline handy for assistance.
  8. Finally, always heed the warning signs and be aware.

Diving Injuries Treatment

diving injuries


Diving injuries can include a wide variety of injuries, from minor cuts and bruises to more serious injuries such as spinal cord injuries.

Teatment depends on the injury that has been sustained.

  • Minor cuts and bruises may only require basic first aid, such as cleaning the wound and applying a bandage.
  • More serious injuries, such as fractures, shoulder dislocation or spinal cord injuries, may require hospitalisation and surgery.

Important Notes:

What to do if you sustsin injury while diving:

  1. If you are injured, stop diving and seek medical attention.
  2. If you are in pain, take pain medication as prescribed by your doctor.
  3. Follow your doctor’s instructions for rehabilitation.
  4. Resume diving only if you have the approval of your doctor after managing injuries from diving.


It is important to note the risks involved in diving and take the necessary precautions to reduce your risk of injury. It is also important to know what to do if you experience a diving injury. Injuries arising from diving, seek medical attention immediately.


For Reading


How to Lose Weight Fast: 10 Steps to Follow

Healty living and diving

Diver fact sheet

Related Articles